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Tourist Travel Guide to Holidays in Tuscany

The Tuscan Arcipelago


The Tuscan Archipelago is formed by a group of seven major islands, of which the largest is the Isle of Elba, plus some smaller rocks and dry land located between Tuscany and Corsica.

The archipelago is bathed by four seas: the Ligurian Sea, the Channel of Piombino, the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Channel of Corsica.

The climate is typical of the Tuscan Mediterranean in the presence of a strong mitigating effect of the sea, especially for the smaller islands.

Summers are warm, mostly dry (even if you still feel the humidity) and ventilated. The winters are fairly mild.The rains are typical of the season and winter.

In Italy, after the establishment of certain reserves, the Tuscan Archipelago is the first large marine park and the largest protected area of European seas. The park is characterized by a wide variety of habitats, inhabited by various forms of life.

The great biological diversity of the archipelago is due, also, to the variety of coastal seabed: from rocky cliffs to the Beaches of Capraia, a myriad of plant and animal species are living in every corner of one of the most fascinating natural environments: the sea.

The sandy bottom is covered with authentic submerged forests, grasslands of “Posidonia oceanica”, true green lung of the marine ecosystem of the Mediterranean.

Unforgettable experience is to immerse themselves in the incredible palette of colors yellow, blue and red of one of the most endangered marine biotic communities: the coral reef, the park also represented by the now rare red coral “Corallium rubrum”.

The whale “Balaenoptera physalus” and the sperm whale “Physeter macrocephalus” frequent the waters of the park throughout the year, although sightings are easier in the intermediate seasons: a good reason to visit the archipelago in spring and autumn.

A park that is therefore a natural heritage of outstanding scientific and cultural value, even if the presence of human activity has altered the quality of natural environments.

The beaches are no longer available for reproduction of sea turtle “Caretta caretta” but it has been sighted on the island of Pianosa, while the monk seal “Monachus monachus”, now rare in Italian waters, seems to like the Island of Montecristo.

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