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Castiglion Fiorentino and the Etruscans


Castiglion Fiorentino is a medieval city situated between Cortona and Arezzo, dating back to the X-XI centuries.

Numerous architectural structures remain of this period like the imposing city walls and the fortified structure of Cassero. The city, built on a hill standing isolated between the Clanis valley and the Chio valley, has developed over the centuries favoured by its strategic location.

Surveys conducted since 1988 have led to the identification of an Etruscan settlement located between the Archaic and Hellenistic periods.

Among the most interesting discoveries:

1. In the crypt of the Church of St. Angelo al Cassero,

during the restoration of the church, there were discovered walls characterized by large square blocks belonging to the Etruscan city wall (fourth century BC.). Two windows show Etruscan archaic (bucchero) and Hellenistic findings (grey and black painted pottery) found there and a lid of a cinerary urn with an Etruscan inscription (third century BC.).

2. In Piazzale Cassero there is the excavation of the Etruscan temple (mid IV-II century BC.)

The archaeological dig, which began in 1991 and is still ongoing, has revealed a sanctuary, oriented north-south with a rectangular (17 x 22 m) shape, very similar to that of the Etruscan temples mentioned by Vitruvius in De Architectura.

The shrine, however, has had two other phases of life: the oldest in the late sixth century BC and the last in the second century BC.

In the castle walls an Etruscan door (fourth century BC.) has been found.

The Medieval city wall, on the west side, has detected the presence of an existing door jambs and threshold (width 3.20 m) dating back to the Etruscan Hellenistic period. The remains incorporated in the medieval castle walls are visible and accessible from Piazzale del Cassero through the Porta Perugina recently reopened.

In the Praetorian Palace it is located the Civic Archaeological Museum

The archaeological exhibition is characterized by the peculiarity of its multimedia information system. The museum, collecting the finds from excavations in the area, tells the story of Castiglion Fiorentino and its region.

The exhibition is divided into five rooms dedicated to various issues inherent the old town and its surroundings dotted with settlements ranging from the Iron Age.

It is possible to admire: Etruscan bronzes, the temple area, the ancient settlement of Castiglion Fiorentino, the Etruscan production and trade along the Clanis and the activities within its settlements.

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