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Florence’s Museums

Florence has a population of about 400,000 inhabitants and lies on the banks of the River Arno, in a valley surrounded by hills.

Its craft businesses, cultural and commercial links, artistic scene and scientific concerns make it a lively city. Thanks to its central position in the peninsula, it is connected to many major Italian and European cities.Moreover its Airport, Amerigo Vespucci, is just five kilometres away from the city centre.

The history of the city dates back to the first century BC, when Florence was founded by the Romans.

Florence has an exceptional artistic heritage being a marvellous testimony to its centuries-old civilization. Artists of crucial importance for Western art were born in Florence or around it.

Artists like Cimabue and Giotto, the fathers of Italian painting; Brunelleschi, Donatello and Masaccio, who initiated the Renaissance; the Della Robbia family; Botticelli and the genius Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.

Their works, together with those of many other artists leading right up to the 20th century, can be admired in its many museums. The most famous of them all is the Uffizi, one of the most important art galleries in the world, but there are also many others:

the Palatine Gallery in Palazzo Pitti, housing the paintings of the “golden age”;

the Bargello National Museum, housed in a medieval palace and containing celebrated Renaissance sculptures;

the Museum of San Marco, a convent frescoed by the painter Beato Angelico;

the Accademia, the Medici Chapels and Casa Buonarroti;

the Bardini, Horne and Stibbert Museums, the Gallery of Modern Art, the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, the Silver Museum and the Opificio delle Pietre Dure.

The city has a large number of well known monuments marking the aeveral and different phases of its artistic history:

the Baptistery with its mosaics; the Cathedral, a majestic example of Gothic architecture with on top the Filippo Brunelleschi’s dome, a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture;

medieval churches with valuable frescoes; private and public palaces like Palazzo Pitti, Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Davanzati and Palazzo Medici-Riccardi.

Many artistic treasures are also simply spread around like: frescoed monasteries and refectories; quiet and shady cloisters; and ancient country parish churches and monasteries such as the Certosa.

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